Gioh, Gyo,Yacouba, Yakuba), Côte dIvoire and Liberia
Face ceremonial mask. The 350,000 Dan live in northeastern Liberia and
northwestern Côte dIvoire, in
regions covered by forest in the south and savannas in the north. They make their living
mostly from farming cocoa, rice and manioc. They also live off game hunting and fishing.
For them the mask is the channel of communication with the high god Zlan. The intermediaries in these communications
are the spirits of the ancestors who are invoked through the mask. The masks fulfill a
variety of social, political, and religious functions. The masks of this type were used by
the poro secret society. They are associated
with the circumcision camps for adolescent boys. They are also danced for entertainment
during village festivals, which were historically village ceremonies, but are today
performed largely for important visitors.
Size: H.17, W. 7, D. 3 ½