Korumba, Kouroumba), Burkina Faso
Antelope Headdress. The Kurumba people live in the north of
Burkina Faso. They cultivate millet and cotton, and rear cattle in the savannah regions.
The Kurumba produce a naturalistic mask headdress in the form of antelope head. These
finely-shaped antelope heads are colorfully painted. The headdress represents Yirige,
the culture hero, who drove away evil spirits at the first tilling of the land. Mask
dancers descended from heaven repeat the deeds of the hero-founder Yirige and his
children. The mask also appears at the death ritual following the mourning period. It was used to drive away the soul of the deceased, who might
harm the living. The headdress, which to an
observer seems impossible for a dancer to balance, is fastened to the head with a plaited
basket or by some other way.